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How Fire Sprinkler Systems Work

Do you own a building or are you the head of a department store, warehouse, or small business? Then you’re probably bending over backwards trying to learn about how fire sprinkler systems work.

Fire sprinkler systems are one of the best ways to fight fires and reduce property damage and prevent loss of life. For that reason, learning more about fire sprinkler systems is crucial for your business or building.

In this guide, you’re going to learn all about fire sprinkler systems. You’ll see how they work so you can tackle the tough decision of choosing the perfect fire sprinkler system without any stress or hassle.

How Fire Sprinkler Systems Work

A fire sprinkler system activates when high temperatures trigger the sprinkler system. Contrary to popular belief, fire sprinkler heads do not turn on all at once. Upon sensing high temperature, each sprinkler head activates independently to douse the fire with minimal damage to the building.

Let’s take a closer look at the exact process of how fire sprinkler systems work.

Step # 1 – Fire Sprinkler Systems Detect Heat from Flames

Most fire sprinkler systems contain bulbs with an expanding liquid. When the fire sprinkler system detects high temperature, the liquid expands, and the bulb breaks.

Step # 2 – Fire Sprinkler Systems Douses the Fire

When the bulbs of any independent sprinkler heads break, the fire sprinkler activates. Each sprinkler head is attached to a reliable source of piped water independent of the building. This way, a steady flow of water comes out of any affected sprinkler head consistently and reliably.

Step # 3 – Fire Sprinklers Reduce Water & Fire Damage

The beautiful thing about fire sprinklers is that the system is smart enough only to activate the sprinkler heads that sense high temperature. As a result, only sprinkler heads that are close to the fire activate, which means that your building never suffers from excessive fire or water damage.

Different Types of Sprinkler Systems

Let’s look at the wide variety of fire sprinkler systems and how they work.

Wet Pipe Sprinkler

Wet pipe sprinklers always contain water in them and are consistently ready for action. Wet pipe sprinklers are typically the most common type of fire sprinkler and are ideal in most situations due to their high reliability and ease of use.

Wet pipe sprinklers work best for the following buildings:

  • Any building with heat
  • Commercial buildings

Dry Pipe Sprinkler

A dry pipe sprinkler is a sprinkler system where the pipes don’t have water until the sprinkler system activates. Dry pipe sprinklers are perfect if your building is frigid and you run the risk of freezing your pipes.

Types of buildings ideal for dry pipe sprinklers:

  • Unheated buildings
  • Parking garages
  • Outdoor canopies

Pre-Action Sprinkler System

A pre-action sprinkler system is a sprinkler system characterized by interlocking features to prevent accidental activation. A pre-action sprinkler system allows for stricter criteria regarding sprinkler activation and usually requires two different triggers for the sprinkler system to activate.

Types of buildings ideal for pre-action sprinklers:

  • Any building where water damage is undesirable
  • Museums
  • Datacenters

Deluge Sprinkler Systems

A deluge sprinkler system is a fire sprinkler system for any building where fire damage is especially dangerous. Deluge systems usually work in conjunction with a fire alarm system so you can monitor for any hazards specific to your environment.

Deluge systems are ideal for the following:

  • Any building where fire damage is highly dangerous
  • Any building with hazardous materials

We realize how confusing juggling all these fire sprinkler options must seem. We invite you to contact us for reliable fire sprinkler systems Toronto. If you need fire systems to help, we’re here to answer any questions that you have without any stress or second-guessing.

Fire Sprinkler System Guide Summary

Never forget the importance of a reliable fire sprinkler system in your building or small business.

A fire sprinkler system can douse flames with minimal water damage and can also help to protect people in the building.

If you need help consulting with a reliable team who knows fire sprinkler systems from top to bottom, then click here to contact a reputable fire protection company. You can get your questions answered without any stress, and also consider hiring a team with dedicated experience.


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